For vascular spills there are many hypotheses of treatment, depending on their clinical features, such as:
- Sclerotherapy, which is the introduction in the vein of a chemical that will cause sclerosis of the vascular leakage and eventually make it disappear.
- It is also possible to apply laser in which the heat eventually scleroses vascular leakage and makes it disappear.
- For larger varicose veins, chances are sclerotherapy, surgery or endovascular laser.
What is sclerotherapy?
The sclerotherapy treatment is to eliminate or reduce the perception of minor veins, by introducing a chemical into the lumen of a blood vessel, causing a microthrombosis and subsequent fibrosis resulting in clinical improvement and aesthetics of the veins in the area, through the promotion of a endofibrose with platelet aggregation, forming a micro clot. The micro lumen of the vessel, once occluded, doesn't allow the blood flow.
Professional aftercare recommendations are usually:
- Rest the rest of the day of the intervention, avoiding walks and physical exercises;
- Avoid exposure to sunlight in the area under study, during 10 to 15 days;
- Do therapeutic massage during 5 days in the treated area;
- Continue treatment, with intervals between sessions of approximately 10 to 15 days.
Should be treated with sclerosis, preferably the microvarices that by clinical examination with appropriate lighting, with light tangent, do not show elevations on the skin surface. Proceeding in this way, adverse effects such as skin patches, skin lesions and ineffective therapy are avoided. The larger vessels are more resistant to sclerosing therapy.